Laura A. Pratt, Ph.D., and Debra J. Brody, M.P.H.
Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009–2012
• During 2009–2012, 7.6% of Americans aged 12 and over had depression (moderate or severe depressive symptoms in the past 2 weeks). Depression was more prevalent among females and persons aged 40–59.
• About 3% of Americans aged 12 and over had severe depressive symptoms, while almost 78% had no symptoms.
• Persons living below the poverty level were nearly 21⁄2 times more likely to have depression than those at or above the poverty level.
• Almost 43% of persons with severe depressive symptoms reported serious difficulties in work, home, and social activities.
• Of those with severe symptoms, 35% reported having contact with a mental health professional in the past year.